- Is It The Perfect Career for You?
- Nature of Work
- Skills required
- Different Disciplines of Architecture
- After 10th
- After 12th
- Career Prospects & Job Opportunities
- Angels and Demons
Is It The Perfect Career for You?
Architects do not consider what they do as jobs. It becomes their lifestyle. They are creators who are fascinated with the idea of designing and building structures that come close to art. They look at materials, form, massing, lighting, and think architecture and start planning a building with it or around it. If you are someone who identifies with this need to create, you should take a look at what architecture has to offer as a career.
The job of an architect is not limited to designing but includes carrying out their designs to fruition till the project stands completed as a functional structure. They are often called upon to provide face-lifts to an old building, or correct a structural error besides designing corporate offices, houses, multiplexes, shopping arcades, hospitals, airport terminals, theatres, and schools. An architect focuses on providing a comfortable and functional place of operation whether it is for official or domestic purposes.
As an architect you can enjoy the scope for artistic freedom and personal expression the word provides and you are allowed, rather expected to experiment with new ideas and out of the box way of thinking and providing solutions. You are encouraged to bring your own personality to the project making it as unique utilitarian as you can make it possible.
A career in architecture includes exciting job opportunities in architectural conservation, building engineering & management, environmental architecture and planning, housing, interior design, naval architecture, project management and urban design and planning.
India has over 200 colleges that impart education in Architecture and the demand for more institutes is expected to increase with 100% FDI permitted through automatic route for townships and cities. The requirement for urban infrastructure over the next 20 years is estimated at US$ 650 Billion.
There is a need for revamping of urban areas in the cities and creation of new and inclusive cities due to the inadequate levels of infrastructure that are unable to meet the demands of the existing urban population. There has been a steady rise in migration from rural to urban areas and there is a pressing need for smart real estate and urban infrastructure to balance the supply and demand in the industry.
Growing urbanization, emergence of nuclear families, and the entry of major private players in the industry has created vast opportunities for the real estate and related sectors, architecture being one of them. The need for talented architects abounds to meet the rising demand for smart urban cities and service apartments to house the growing number of tourists.
The demand for skilled architects will be on an uptrend owing to the vast opportunities in the industry and its flourishing associated sectors.
Nature of Work
Careers in Construction, Architecture, and Design & Maintenance can be as creative as they are strenuous, as artistic as they are technical. Such a varied industry is unlikely to get tedious and will always be as important as the day our forefathers laid the first brick of civilization…well, maybe not. But if this brief introduction has grabbed your attention, a job in Construction, Architecture, and Maintenance could be the one for you!
Architects are professionally trained designers who work on buildings and built environment. They combine creative design with a wide range of technical knowledge to provide integrated solutions for built & natural environments. During the five typical phases of a project, the Architect has a variety of roles:
Starting the project – The Architect talks to the client about their expectations, project requirements and budget, and then this information forms the design brief.
Design phase – The Architect analyses the design brief and the building site conditions, and determines the best location & orientation. The Architect then develops ideas through rough plans, sketches and models. These ideas are brought together into concept design drawings.
Design development, Documentation & Building approvals – The Architect compares the concept design drawings with the design brief and develops the technical details for the project with the project team. Detailed drawings and specifications are prepared for the builder. The drawings are lodged to obtain local authority building approval. The method of engaging a builder for the project is determined.
Construction – The Architect works with the builder and other project team members to ensure that the project is constructed in accordance with the drawings & specifications.
After construction – Projects have a warranty period called the defects liability period. It is the Architect’s responsibility to follow up on any relevant issues or outstanding work with the client and the builder.
The day of an Architect starts from 9 or 10 am and can lasts up to late nights at times. He may have to travel as per the construction site, hence travelling is involved.
The role of an Architect and related professions is quite diverse, and so are the skills & personal qualities required:
- Out of the box thinking
- Ability to analyze & critically assess practical problems
- Ability to visualize the bigger picture simultaneously
- Must be Detail oriented
- A good communicator, negotiator and must possess convincing power
- Aware of past history of land, culture and environmental issues
- Good at mathematics
- Mentally strong, focused and should have physical strength too
- Open to change
- Spontaneous decision maker
Different Disciplines of Architecture
- Architectural Designing
- Architecture Engineering
- Architecture Software (certificate course)
- Architectural Conservation
- Architecture in Humanities
- Environmental Architecture
- Landscape Architecture
- Structural Architecture
- Naval Architecture
- History and pedagogy
- Environmental Planning
- Planning in Housing
- Regional Planning
- Physical Planning/ Physical Housing
- Urban or rural planning
- Traffic &Transport Planning
- Disaster Relief
- Project Management
- Building Construction Technology
- Urban or Building Conservation
- Building Engineering & Management/ Design of sustainable buildings
- Property Development
- Urban Design
- Landscape Design
- Interior Design
- Industrial Design
- Feng Shui
- Furniture Design
- Theatre Design
- Asset Management
- Construction Law
Want to explore any specific discipline in particular? Click on it. There are more courses available in College Search page.
Aspiring Architects need either a Bachelor’s degree (B.Arch) or a diploma in Architecture. The basic eligibility criterion for B.Arch courses is class 12th or equivalent, referred to as the qualifying examination from a recognized board/university with a minimum of 50% in science subjects (physics, chemistry and mathematics). Besides, the candidate needs to clear an Architecture entrance exam. Even at the undergraduate level, Architecture students are usually given an overview of areas directly related to Architecture that they often tend to specialize in later.
A student can has 2 options:
Option 1: A student can appear for an Architecture entrance exam and join a diploma in Architecture, a 3 year course.
Option2: A student can continue his/her 11th& 12th in science stream (PCM) also start preparing for the Architecture entrance exam.
A student has 2 options:
Option1: A student can appear for an Architecture entrance exam (NATA/State Entrance Exam) and join a diploma in Architecture, a 3 year course.
Option 2: A student can appear for Architecture entrance exam (NATA/ JEE MAIN/ State Entrance Exam) and as per selections will be allotted a college. During graduation, the student can choose his/her field of interest which he/she can further pursue while taking a job.
Note: Details of the entrance exam are mentioned in the Entrance Exam page.
Career Prospects & Job Opportunities
Architects can work with Private Construction companies wherein they are asked to serve as a Designer. Jobs in Government organizations are also available: Public Works Department (PWD), the Archaeological Department, Ministry of Defense, National Building Organization, Town & Country Planning Organization, National Institute of Urban Affairs, Departments of Railways, Post & Telegraphs, Public Sector Undertakings, Housing & Urban Development Corporation, National Building Construction Corporation Ltd., etc. While some other organizations or bodies like State Departments, Housing Boards, Local Bodies for construction works, Builders, Architecture Firms, Consultants, etc. also hire Architects.
Architects working independently have ample scope in terms of earnings. However, the inherent hazard with an independent practice is that the professional undergoes lots of work as he alone has to plan details of sizes, specification and estimates of the cost of the structure, etc. Moreover, he requires good models and graphics as there would not be any other person to assist him which is the case when he works with some construction company. Specialization works well for better prospects in Architecture as it is a matter of requirement.
According to current demand for Architects, India needs more than 10,000 trained professionals in various government and private organizations. Whereas qualified Architects coming from top notch Architecture colleges are placed in various Real Estate developing companies, the government jobs are filled by various examinations conducted each year at the national level. Professionally trained and qualified Architects have plenty of options working with Consultancy companies, Architect firms, Universities, etc.
Ample working opportunities are available for Architects who have a specialization in one segment or the other. Numerous internationally acclaimed Construction and Real Estate development companies provide employment opportunities to candidates who are willing to explore careers outside India. Companies like Atelier Bow-Wow, Leo A Daly, ZahaHadid, Erick van Egeraat, Duda/Paine Architects, PageSoutherlandPage, Gresham, Smith and Partners, Rafael Vinoly Architects, etc. have international operations and invite applications from experienced Architects from around the world.
The major attraction of working with such Architecture companies is that candidates receive attractive salary packages and other perquisites. Dubai, Bangkok, Singapore, Shanghai, Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai and many other cities have gone through tremendous changes in terms of creating high rise buildings and the Architects have played crucial role in it. A great demand is coming up for Architects specialized in Urban designing, Regional planning, etc.
Angels and Demons
- Architecture is a demanding profession, but it can also be a very interesting, creative one.
- Architecture is also never a boring career because of the variety of tasks it consists of.
- Very little amount of Math and its calculations are actually required.
- Huge money and incentives are available in this profession.
- The process of becoming an Architect is long, competitive, and expensive.
- Starting salaries for Architects are lower than average
- Architecture is a very challenging and demanding field.
- Your day is long, tiring and can be unsatisfactory as well.
- The Architectural field is subject to the ups and downs of the economy.