Is It The Perfect Career for You?

Health is crucial to our life. It is the barometer of our success and happiness and is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease. A famous quote by Herophilus best reveals the significance of health and its impact on our lives as individuals and as a nation ~

‘When health is absent, wisdom cannot reveal itself, art cannot manifest, strength cannot fight, wealth becomes useless, and intelligence cannot be applied.’

The organized provision of medical care to individuals and community is the primary role of the medicine and healthcare sector.  Essentially, the healthcare providers are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, injury, and other physical or mental ailments of people. Hospitals, pharmaceuticals, medical equipments, diagnostics, and medical insurance come under the purview of the medicine and healthcare sector.

A career in healthcare sector is best suited for those who are passionate about the medical profession, are driven by a need to serve others with a willingness to provide person-centric care, and have the intrinsic motivation to view their work as more than a job.

The healthcare industry offers countless career opportunities that are rewarding and inspiring in varied fields such as Alternative Medicines and healing practices such as Acupressure, Acupuncture, Aroma Therapy, Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha medicine and other specialties like Radiology, Sports medicine, Urology, Cardiology, Speech & language therapy, Psychiatry, and Pulmonology. Prosthetics & Orthotics is a growing discipline that requires skilled medical practitioners. 

Industry Snapshot

A nation’s future rests on the physical, mental, and social health of its citizens. Medicine and healthcare sector plays a key role in the economic health of the country. The growth in India’s medicine and healthcare industry is driven by increasing population, changing lifestyles, rising income, easier access to high quality healthcare facilities, and greater awareness of personal health and hygiene.

Private sector has been the driving force behind the growth in the Indian healthcare sector. Most healthcare resources in India are with the private sector including doctors, nurses, beds, ambulatory services, and in-patient care. Despite the improvement in India’s per capita expenditure on healthcare, it continues to be the lowest in the world due to its low disposable income and low government spending.

Innovative business models, increased use of technology, growing medical tourism, and outsourcing of non-core operational activities such as laundry, kitchen, housekeeping and security, and appointment of full-time doctors are few of the trends among healthcare providers that will drive revenue growth in the coming years. The growth in the medicine and healthcare industry is supported by 100% FDI. All these factors contribute to a dire need for skilled professional and medical specialists to offset key challenges that the healthcare industry currently faces. 

Nature of Work

Healthcare is always considered as emergency services. So it will remain open, every time, whether it’s a national holiday or there is natural calamity. Place like hospitals will remain open. Same is the case for Mental Asylums and veteran specialist too.

Professions like research institutes and places where clinical trials are performed and MNC’s who are into pharmaceuticals. They can remain closed, work like a normal office.

So the nature of work will vary for Hospitals and allied services secondly MNC’s who are catering to healthcare:

Hospitals and allied services:

The hospital and allied service includes MBBS, MD courses, Lab technician courses, other technician such as OT, Cath lab, Orthopaedics, radiology, audiology and other varied technicians, Veteran doctors, psychiatrist and nursing.

  • Its 24 X 7 hours and 365 days in a year job, It’s is dependent on roster duties        
  • Lot of patience and persistence is required; despite being tired you cannot say NO to the patient’s.
  • It is a team work oriented workplace; lack of coordination in one department can affect the functioning of other.
  • It’s a skillful profession.
  • You will have to do lot of hard work, to gain experience and to grow in this profession.

MNC’s catering to healthcare: 

  • It’s a backend working; you will work like normal office hours.
  • Person who is MBBS or above will be at an edge in this arena of working.
  • You need to have analytical mind bend here while working
  • It is target based and deadline oriented job

You need to learn the IT knowledge, which is not taught while pursuing medical studies.

Skills Required

If you are interested in pursuing a career in medicine, you need to build a strong foundation in the sciences and intellectual skills in a number of other areas as an undergraduate student. You should plan your college education with the goal of building a diverse set of skills, and select a major that challenges and interests you.

Hospitals and allied services:

  • Treating patients with Compassion and Empathy
  • Communicative and convincing power
  • Cognitive skills about their domain
  • Behavior and emotional regulation         
  • Ability to providing care for people of all ages and backgrounds
  • Active listening
  • Need presence of mind and flexibility to juggle the needs of a number of people at the same time
  • Service Orientation
  • Time Management
  • Ability to work gracefully under Pressure

MNC’s catering to healthcare:

  • Analytical power
  • Research proficiency (primary and secondary)
  • Strategic management skills
  • Presentation and communication skills
  • Managerial skills
  • Team management
  • Adaptive to new skills

Different Disciplines of Medicine /Health Care

Medicine and Surgery

 Medicine and health care offers a wide variety of health careers, some of which are mentioned below:

   Medical Specialties

  Health Professions and Disciplines


  Alternative Medicine






  Gene Therapy




  Mental Health










  Environmental Health


  Health Administration & Management


  Occupational Therapy

  Primary Care

  Public Health


  Speech Language Hearing


  Chiropractic Medicine


  Sports Medicine




  Medical Laboratory sciences


  Food Science & Technology

Traditional Medicine/Alternative Medicine

  • Homeo Medicine and Surgery
  • Siddha Medicine and Surgery
  • Unani Medicine and Surgery
  • Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery 

Health Care

  • Pharmacy
  • Nursing
  • Physiotherapy
  • Speech Therapy
  • Nutrition
  • Medical Technician 

Want to explore any specific discipline in particular? Click on it.


As the importance of this field is increasing rapidly, many institutes in India are offering courses at different degree/diploma levels. Not every health care career requires an advanced degree. In fact, the majority of today's fastest growing medical careers require just a bachelor's degree.Different health care careers require different levels of qualification.

 A doctor’s profession involves a lot of hard work with a good degree of dedication and at the same time, it also brings with it the satisfaction of having cured people suffering from illness, disease and trauma.

A simple degree in medicine is however not enough for making a successful and a satisfactory career. One needs to do specialization in any of the branches of medicine or surgery to become a specialist of certain kind e.g. Pediatrics, Ophthalmology, Gynecology, Surgery, Neurosurgery, Neonatology etc.

After 10th

Biology is the basic subject required for the medical field.  So after 10th one can opt for science with biology. Mathematics is also required for a few courses. So after completing 10th standard you can choose your 11th and 12th in science stream with biology and/or mathematics, biotechnology.

After 12th

If you are planning for a career in allied health science, you can either opt for a diploma or a bachelor’s degree in the particular area. Some universities allow direct entry to these courses. But some universities provide admission through entrance exam only. After completing graduation, one can join for the PG Diploma courses or masters in the field. If you are further interested to study, you can think about M.Phil and Ph.D in the respective field.

If you want to get a Bachelor’s degreein medicine (M.B.B.S /B.H.M.S/B.S.M.S/B.U.M.S/B.A.M.S/B.D.S), then you have to write the national/state entrance exam for that particular course. After successful completion of this, interested candidates can do their specialization i.e. Post-Graduation (M.D/M.S) where admission is throughthe entrance examination (generally AIPGMEE). Admission to super specialty courses like M.Ch/D.M is generally through national wide entrance examination, AIDMMChEE.

 ** For more details about different medical entrance examination, please do visit our entrance examination page.

 Basic Pattern of Medical Courses

  • Undergraduate Courses
  • Postgraduate Courses
  • Super Specialty Courses

Undergraduate Courses

             M. B. B. S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)

  • This program is a 5 ½ years course divided into three professionals of three semesters each. A semester comprises of 18 months. A wide range of subjects like anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, forensic medicine, general medicine, surgery, ophthalmology, ENT (ear, nose, throat), gynecology, orthopedics as well as preventive and social medicine are taught. The last 1 year is devoted to compulsory rotating internship.

              B. D. S. (Bachelor of Dental Sciences)

  • This program is of 4 years duration followed by 1 year compulsory rotating internship. A wide range of courses like basic anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology and microbiology are taught. Specialization in dentistry and hands-on-practice are during the two final semesters.

             B. H. M. S. (Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery)

  • This program is of 5 ½ years duration including one year compulsory internship. The Homoeopathic Education in India is presently monitored by the National Institute of Homoeopathy, which is a statutory Central Government body.

             B. A. M. S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)

  • This program is of 5 ½ years duration. The Ayurvedic Education in India is presently being monitored by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), which is a statutory Central Government body.

              B. U. M. S. (Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery)

  • This program is an undergraduate degree course in Unani Medicine & Surgery. The Unani Education in India is being monitored by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), which is a statutory Central Government body.

             B. V. Sc. & A. H. (Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry)

  • This programme is a 5 ½ years course in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. The Veterinary education in India is being monitored by the Veterinary Council of India.

              B. Pharm. (Bachelor of Pharmacy)

  • This program is a 4 years degree course in pharmacy. The course prepares eligible professionals for pharmaceutical industry. These professionals are in great demand in India and abroad. The monitoring work is being carried out by the Pharmacy Council of India.

             B. Sc. – Nursing (Bachelor of Science in Nursing)

  • The duration of B.Sc. nursing course varies between 3 to 4 years. Specialization in Operation Theatre, Cardiac Care and surgery are also available. In India, Nursing Council of India is the Governing body for this program.

              B. P. T. (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)

  • This program is a graduate degree course offered by different medical colleges of the country. During the course, one learns the scientific procedures used in the treatment of a patient with disability, disease or injury to achieve and maintain functional rehabilitation .This program also focuses on prevention of malfunction or deformity.

             B. O. T. (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy)

  • This program is a graduate degree course in occupational therapy which is offered by different medical institutes of the country. The programme prepares professional therapists who help people with physical or mental disabilities in achieving maximum functioning and independence at home and at the workplace.

             B. M. L. T. (Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology)

  • The B.Sc. programme in medical laboratory technology is offered by differed medical colleges/institutions across the country. The degree awarded is B.Sc.-M.L.T. The medical technologists are an integral part of the medical profession These professionals get involved in practical and technical work to aid correct diagnosis and in the functioning of Biochemical Laboratories.

Postgraduate Courses

             M.D. (Doctor of Medicine)

  • This program is 3 years course that leads to postgraduate degree in medicine. Doctors possessing M.B.B.S. degree are eligible to for this course. This program is a specialized program in general medicine. A doctor after successful completion of this course is eligible to work as a Physician.

              M.S. (Master of Surgery)

  • This program is 3 years course that leads to postgraduate degree in surgery. Doctors possessing M.B.B.S. degree are eligible to for this course. A doctor after successful completion of this course is eligible to work as Surgeon.

             Postgraduate Diploma

  • Postgraduate diploma program in medicine is offered by various medical colleges or institutions across the country for MBBS degree holders. The duration of the program varies from 2 to 3 years.

Super Specialty Courses

             DM / MCh

  • DM is a super specialty program in medicine of 2 to 3 years duration. The entry requirement for this course is MD (Doctor of Medicine)
  • M.Ch is a 2 years super specialty program in surgery. The entry requirement for this course is MS (Master of Surgery)

Career Prospects & Job Opportunities

The industry is growing and there are job opportunities not only in government sector but also in private also. As to cater to the increasing population there are numerous new plans are laid by the government. The funding is also increasing from the government side. This will boost the private sector in making big money by entering in healthcare.

Whatever is the field that you have chosen for you, you will be employed. You may have already considered being a nurse or a doctor. However, allied health care offers another whole world of opportunity. For example, if cardiology (heart health) is a cause that moves you, you could be a cardiologist, a cardiovascular technician, a cardiac nurse, or cardiac per-fusionist. If you love working with kids, pediatrics could be the field for you. Within each medical specialty, jobs are available for any level of education or experience. Whether you have a high school diploma or a graduate education, you may be surprised to find your dream job is within your reach! 

The various opportunities in the medicine and health care profession may include

  • Working with patients as part of a large team, examples here would include many jobs within hospitals where doctors, nurses, therapists and scientists often work alongside to provide treatment and care.
  • Working in community on one to one basis with patients. Staff in these careers usually works as part of a smaller team in GP surgeries, clinics and patients' own homes.
  • Working in careers where you will help to support the treatment and care of patients but not have regular direct contact with patients. Careers in this category would include the support and infrastructure roles in the NHS, such as finance, human resources and estates and facilities. 

Healthcare is a large and growing industry, fueling the job market and the national economy alike. Opportunities abound for those aspiring to allied health careers. A student can begin a career as pathologists, nurses or ward boys in hospitals, clinics and medical representatives. Career opportunities include:

  • Administrative
  • Allied Health
  • Finance
  • General Services
  • Information Systems
  • Management and Professional
  • Nursing and Nursing Support
  • Technicians
  • General Doctor(MBBS, BHMS, BSMS, BUMS, BAMS)

Angels and Demons


  • Ample of job opportunities.
  • One among the most prestigious career in the society.
  • You will impact the human live. 
  • Good salary packages as you grow in experience.
  • The healthcare industry is way more stable than any other industry. 


  • Long, extended and abrupt working hours.
  • Up gradation of skills throughout the life
  • Responsible for wide array of duties
  • The healthcare course is very competitive and the coursework itself is tough and demanding. 
  • Difficult patients can sometimes make a professional’s life extremely trying.

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