Is It The Perfect Career for You?

"Engineering is a form of art and has filled the world with things of obvious visual beauty but also with subtle forms." ~ Louis Brown

To ‘engineer’ is to ‘make things happen’, skillfully and artistically in a way that adds value to the world we live in. The mind that invented the mirror, clock, telephone, car, camera, mixer-grinder, oven, computer and mobile phone, was that of an engineer. Imagine how these minds have influenced our lives.

Many seemingly simple aspects of our daily lives have been conceptualized, designed and developed by an engineer whose job is to innovate, design, manufacture and maintain technological solutions. These solutions add efficiency and comfort, and therefore improve our quality of life.

The field of engineering is vast and varied with specialties ranging from aeronautical, agricultural, civil, geoinformatics, telecommunication and textile to industrial engineering and the list is vast. Each of these specialties is equally challenging and requires creativity to understand and transform the basics of scientific knowledge into a practical and beneficial technology.

Engineers love to solve problems and crave to challenge the field of engineering offers. It is perfect for talented young minds who are dedicated and show immense aptitude for learning and application of knowledge in the field of technology.

Industry Snapshot

The engineering sector is closely associated with the infrastructure and manufacturing sectors of the country and is of strategic importance to India’s economy. The remarkable growth witnessed by the Indian Engineering Sector recently is due to the increasing investments in industrial and infrastructural production. A strong demand for engineering goods has resulted in 10% growth in exports over last year.

India has now joined an exclusive group of 17 countries as one of the permanent members of the Washington Accord (WA), an elite international agreement on engineering studies and mobility of engineers. This has been possible because of the favorable regulatory policies of the country and the growth in the related fields attracting foreign investment.

India’s engineering and design sector enjoys a comparative advantage in terms of technology, innovation, and manufacturing costs, thereby attracting foreign investments. This has led to major developments including a phenomenal increase in the foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows into the engineering and related industries.

The engineering sector is a growing market with a strong technical human resource pool, increase in government allocations for several infrastructural projects and development in associated sectors such as industrial goods, automotive, and infrastructure.

Nature of Work

An engineer studies the scientific facts and principles minutely and creatively apply them (singly or in combination) to design structures and products, and to develop processes and technologies. Engineers also identify technical errors and rectify them. A medical person studies clinical symptoms and diagnoses the problem, similarly an engineer who encounters a problem, analyzes the possible reason and corrects it. 

Almost every aspect in our lives has somehow been influenced by engineers. We are surrounded by engineering marvels; they are everywhere, in homes, offices, hospitals, factories, gardens, on roads, on land, in ocean, in air, even beyond the earth. They have improved the quality of life and have made it more efficient and comfortable. 

Our society owes a lot to engineers. They continue contributing their efforts in various areas like -education, business, industry, and government. People with bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees in engineering run their own businesses, formulate policies, manage companies, teach engineering students, and have consultation firms. It is an interesting fact that one in four top executives holds a degree in science, engineering or technology. An engineer is seven times more likely to become CEO than any other professional. 

Engineers work in a team towards an objective, to create something or to produce a solution to problems. An engineer should also have good team working skills. 

Engineers who have the creativity, scientific and technical knowledge and team work skills make desirable to employers/employees in any field.

Skills Required

  • Strong aptitude for science and math
  • Reasoning skills
  • Observation power
  • Lifelong learning attitude
  • Analytical skills
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Competence
  • Ability to handle work pressure
  • Curious and have an innovative way of thinking

Different Disciplines of Engineering

Like there is a different key for each lock, there is a specific nut for every bolt,each engineer specializes in a specific field of study as per his or her interest or inclination. Engineering is broad field that is divided into various disciplines and sub-disciplines. The disciplines of engineering can be divided into four main categories, chemical, civil, electrical and mechanical engineering.  

Chemical Engineering

  • Ceramic Engineering
  • Drilling Engineering
  • Materials Engineering
  • Paper Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Plastics Engineering
  • Process Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Reservoir Engineering

Civil Engineering

  • Architectural Engineering
  • Construction Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Ecological Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Fire Protection Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Highway Engineering
  • Hydraulic Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Railway Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Traffic Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Water Resource Engineering

Electrical Engineering

  • Computer Engineering
  • Control Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering
  • Microelectronic Engineering
  • Power Engineering
  • Software Engineering
  • Telecommunications Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

  • Acoustic Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Audio Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Manufacturing Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Thermal Engineering

Want to explore any specific discipline in particular? Click on it. There are more courses available in College Search page.


There are two ways a student can earn a bachelor’s degree in engineering. Let us have a look at the steps involved in both of them.

After 10th

Option 1

  • Science and mathematics are integral parts of engineering. Science teaches us about the laws of the natural world and mathematics helps us to establish relationships among different quantities. That is why you must opt science stream in the 11th and 12th.Students interested in Food technology/Bio technology should opt for Biology too. 
  • To prepare for an engineering entrance examination, you must build a very strong understanding of science and mathematics, as these subjects are of utmost importance. Start preparing for entrance examinations from class 11thitself as they form a foundation for your engineering examinations as well as our mind.

Option 2

  • One can also join Diploma College/Polytechnic after 10th and get a Diploma in Engineering (3 year course).

After 12th

Generally, a bachelor's degree is the minimum education required of an engineer. Most employers require students to hold a bachelor's degree in in a specific field. Employers have a strong preference for graduates who have gained practical exposure duringgraduation, and can implement their knowledge well. 

One can be an engineering graduate–Bachelor of Technology/Engineering (B.Tech/B.E) (4 year course)

Career Prospects &Job Opportunities

After the graduation a student can pursue M.E/M.Tech followed by Ph.D and can pursue extensive research than join a Government, Semi-Government or Private jobs. One can get a job in an industry. One can take up a job in teaching profession or one can become an entrepreneur.

Angels and Demons

Any career option has its pros and cons. Engineering is no different. 


  • You can always choose a different direction
  • There’s always a demand for engineer if you keep upgrading your skills
  • Good salary packages 


  • It's a tougher educational process, compared to others
  • There’s a lot of competition in this area
  • Up gradation of skills throughout the life

SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam -1st Aug to 20th Aug, 2017; Tier 2 Exam - 10th to 11th Nov, 2017; Tier 2 Exam - 21st Jan, 2018