Is It The Perfect Career for You?

We seldom acknowledge the importance of energy and utilities we have come to depend on in our daily lives unless we face the shortage of electricity or water among other supplies. Our lives would come to a standstill if it were not for the services of this industry. Besides us, industries and transportation are two of the primary consumers of the energy and utilities sector.

Employment in the energy and utility sector comes with the responsibility to safeguard the environment for future generations and to provide high standard of service for the customers. The willingness to adapt to ever-changing work environment is also necessary for a career in this sector. The career opportunities in this sector broadly fall under energy engineering and its subfield, power engineering, petroleum engineering, mining and gas, nuclear science & technology, and oil & surfactants technology.

In the energy utilities industry, recruitment takes place in disciplines such as electrical, power system, design, mechanical, and commissioning engineering. There are ample opportunities for high level skills – business and technical, including project managers, planners, technicians, skilled engineers, scientists, and business development professionals in all the various fields associated with the energy and utilities sector.

The Energy and Utilities sector is a growth industry with high potential for employment. A huge force of trained skilled and unskilled manpower – managers, engineers, and workers, are required for future plans involving infrastructure improvement, capacity addition in equipment manufacturing, and technology advancement in mining, boilers, turbines, vacuum systems, and exploration and production.

Industry Snapshot

The Energy and Utilities sector plays a key role in the global economy and is fundamental to the well-being of the Indian economy. To meet the growing demands of the populous nation, it must enhance technical capabilities, introduce innovate business models, and explore the use of alternate sources of energy such as wind, bio fuel.The key market drivers in this sector are dynamic pricing, communication technology, digital connectivity, energy storage management, and regulatory and environmental impacts among others.

Huge manpower will be required to help meet the capacity addition in power generation and also in support and ancillary industries such as mining, equipment manufacturing, transportation, legal, and logistics. The introduction of new technology, the aging workforce, and the infrastructure expansion plans have made it crucial for the organizations in the energy and utilities industry to concentrate on attracting bright young talent and up-grade their skilled workforce to keep the Indian economy stable.

Energy is a strategic commodity and any uncertainty with regards to its supply can gravely undermine a functioning economy. Hence, the primary goal of the developing economy like India is to achieve energy security, and this cannot be done without the help of skilled and talented workforce. 

Nature of Work

The energy and utilities industry employs people across the oil, electricity, nuclear, gas, coal, water, waste management and renewable energy sectors. Professional and related occupations in this industry include engineers and computer specialists especially. Engineers develop technologies that allow, for example, utilities to produce and transmit gas and electricity more efficiently and water more cleanly. They also may develop improved methods of landfill or wastewater treatment operations in order to maintain compliance with government regulations. Computer specialists develop computer systems to automate utility processes; provide plant simulators for operator training; and improve operator decision making. Engineering technicians assist engineers in research activities and may conduct some research independently.Areas of work within the industry include: design, research, testing, commissioning and installation of energy equipment; drilling and exploration; advising on energy and conservation; ecology and geology; developing and testing new technologies and alternative sources of energy; sales, marketing, HR, health and safety, accountancy and IT. 

  • While for some people the job is to within the mines to work or to inspect the work.
  • The inside mining job is tiring, requires lots of safety and precautions while working.
  • While the designing team will have less exposure to the site.
  • Design team’s work is on computers where they will be focusing on new designs and ways to improve the better utilization of resources, better connectivity to the remote and tough areas. 

In both the nature of work, engineers is required, all you have to do is to understand your interest.

Skills Required

To understand you fit in this sector let us look into the competencies that are expected to be there with the employees working in this sector.

  • Plan, coordinate people, equipment, services and activities.
  • Adherence to safety standards and procedures while mining, drilling or extracting.
  • Effective planning and organizational skills to manage operations from beginning stages to completion.
  • Enjoy working on-site locations of extraction and hands-on with materials.
  • Attention to detail, accuracy and precision.
  • Willing to research, study, develop new energy sources and extraction methods.
  • Effectively procuring resources and transporting them to designated locations.
  • Specialized knowledge of resources and extraction methods.
  • Physical fitness to withstand the rigors.
  • Skills to adapt to unexpected situations.
  • Strong aptitude for science and maths.
  • Ability to handle work pressure.

Different Disciplines of Energy and Utilities sector

  • Energy Engineering
  • Gas Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Nuclear Science & Technology
  • Oils & Surfactants Technology
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Power Engineering 

Want to explore any specific discipline in particular? Click on it. There are more courses available in the College Search page.


There are many possible postgraduate courses to be considered, ranging from broad based programs in energy management and sustainability to more specialized career specific or technical courses. As awareness of energy and environmental issues increases, more and more institutions are offering energy-related degree courses. 

An affinity for maths and science is a prerequisite for a successful career in this field. Most of the major jobs in the energy and utilities sector are engineering related. But as you can see from the disciplines from above, there are also very few jobs which are administration or law related. But these are less in numbers and not the star jobs in the sector. Openings for those who are qualified in the arts, languages, social sciences and business studies will usually be on the commercial side of the oil industry, in areas such as marketing, distribution and trading.

After 10th

Option 1 

  • The attractive jobs in the energy and utilities sector are engineering based. Science and mathematics are integral parts of engineering. Science teaches us about the laws of the natural world and mathematics helps us to establish relationships among different quantities. That is why you must opt science stream in the 11th and 12th.
  • To prepare for an engineering entrance examination, you must build a very strong understanding of science and mathematics, as these subjects are of utmost importance. 

Option 2

  • One can also join Diploma College/Polytechnic after 10th and get a Diploma in Engineering. The technical side of the Energy and Utilities industry also needs the diploma holders. There are many short term certificate courses also available. There are diploma courses for science graduates who want to enter in this sector.

After 12th

Choosing the right subjects at school or college is important. After that, the most common requirements will be for qualifications in science subjects. The same is true in further education. Most opportunities are for students with degrees in engineering and applied sciences. There are also options for doing a mining law or mining management courses in the graduate or masters level.

After completing 12th you can join for a diploma course or B. Tech/B.E in energy and utilities sector. 

A student with B.E/B. Tech or diploma with some years of working experience can join for post graduate diploma courses in this sector also. Further, there is option for M. Tech/M.E courses. There are also MBA courses available in this sector. Admission to these various courses is through entrance examination. After a post-graduation students can do Ph.D also. 

** For more details about entrance examination, please visit Entrance Examination page. 

There are some law and management courses available in foreign universities now. These law courses have been designed in response to the growing significance of the legal issues surrounding the oil, gas and mining industry. Master of Legal Studies (MLS) in Mining Law and Policy, LLM in Oil, Gas and Mining Law and M.B.A specialization in Global Mining Management are such courses in this sector. 

Different levels of courses in nuclear engineering & technology are offered by a number of institutes and universities in India. To make a flourishing career in this field of engineering, almost all entry level jobs requires a Bachelor’s degree in nuclear engineering. After the Master's degree students can opt for further research or teach in universities or work as technologists.

Career Prospects & Job Opportunities

The various segments of the utilities industry vary in the degree to which their workers are involved in production activities, administration and management, or research and development. In respect of energy, utilities and waste, work experience is important to be successful in the job market, but there is often a requirement for postgraduate study. Structured internship opportunities are available; these tend to be with large engineering and environmental consultancies that offer relevant energy, waste and water services/solutions, Opportunities in energy and utilities include Geotechnical, engineering, scientific, Environmental and waste management roles, although almost every area of industrial uses a large amount of energy in its production processes, so there are many industries that employ energy specialists.

There are many different opportunities in the fuel production industries including oil, gas and nuclear. This can include exploration, drilling, construction, diving supplies, transportation, petrol retailers or refineries. Understandably, engineers play a very important role in the energy and utilities sector. Power stations, refineries, rigs and water treatment plants require a lot of complex and large machinery, and these need to be designed, built and maintained. Safety engineers are also absolutely essential.

Research is also a growth area, with an increasing need to research, develop and test alternative sources of energy, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power.

Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned with promoting energy conservation and can offer opportunities to graduates who want to work in this area. Similarly, this industry would be nowhere without the specialist scientists who operate within the research and development side of energy careers.

 Most of the big employers are oil and gas companies who are diversifying into this area. This sector will grow as it becomes increasingly essential to develop cleaner ways of generating energy and better, more efficient ways of using it. There is a growing solar power industry in the UK and most power companies are investing in research to develop energy resources for the future.

Angels and Demons


  • This industry is stable, you can be assured of long term association.  
  • Graduates who can manage technical challenges and work well in teams have an edge.
  • This industry provides good opportunity for travel.
  • The sector also provides for Opportunity to work with State-of-the-art technology, robotics, remote-controlled equipment.


  • Working offshore or in remote areas can be lonely and isolating.
  • Stressful.
  • Irregular shift patterns.
  • Remote location postings can be adventurous at times.

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