- Is It The Perfect Career for You?
- Nature of Work
- Skills Required
- Different Disciplines of Computer Science and Information Technology
- After 10th
- After 12th
- Career Prospects & Job Opportunities
- Angels and Demons
Is It The Perfect Career for You?
This is quite frankly, a no-brainer – You love computers and computing and spend most of your day programming, gaming, or deciphering a million other things on computers besides the social networking, you get yourself a career in information technology. Well, you need to do a bit more than that to have a successful career but all that is covered as you read on.
A career in information technology requires creative thinking, a sharp attention to detail, and technical expertise. It is practically a gateway to many diverse fields like medicine, entertainment, business, engineering, science, design, Logistics and many more. None of the industries can function without the expertise provided by the IT departments. The best part about belonging to the IT sector is that you will always be in demand for the foreseeable future and never expect to be bored since any work related to information technology is intellectually challenging.
Jobs in this sector are among the highest paid and also have the highest job satisfaction. Computer Science and Information Technology offer a wide spectrum of job opportunities that include advanced computing, computer hardware & networking, the exciting new field of cyber security and cyber forensics, the age-old software engineering, and web technology.
India’s IT industry amounts to 7% of the global markets largely due to exports. In the past five years, the Indian IT industry has saved clients US$ 200 Billion and the rapidly growing urban infrastructure has fostered several IT centers in India. The IT industry is the largest private sector employer delivering close to 3 million jobs and has over 15,000 firms of which more than 1000 are large firms.
Revival in demand for IT services from US and Europe, increasing adoption of telecom and technology by consumers and government initiatives, rise in addition of high value clients, emerging verticals such as retail, utilities, and healthcare, and large annual spends on training workforce and R&D are some of the major factor driving growth in the IT industry. Higher growth rate is expected with the laying of the National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) in phases to connect rural India.
The National Policy on Information Technology 2012 aims to increase revenues in the IT sector to US$ 300 Billion by 2020. The policy’s twin goals are to harness the human resources of the country and for the power of information and communication technology to reach all the citizens of India to enable the country to emerge as the Global Hub and Destination for IT services by 2020.
Nature of Work
Computing professionals might find themselves in a variety of environments in academia, research, industry, the government and private and business organizations. Most of the times, the basic thing to understand is the logic. All the people associated with research, design etc. will have to:
- Analyze problems for solutions.
- Formulate and test.
- Use advanced communications or multi-media equipment.
- Work in teams for product development.
- Be involved with developing the architecture for computers to process and transmit information.
- Design computer chips and processors.
- Think of and use new materials and techniques to make them work faster and give them more computing power.
You might expect that a career in Computer Science & Information Technology would revolve around expertise in programming languages, but looking at the skills required for many of these professions, reveals that the so-called transferable skills are just as important. Such as:
- Team work.
- Interpersonal skills.
- Problem solving.
- Analytical work.
- Presentation skills.
- Mathematical aptitude.
- An ability to organize and to think both creatively and logically.
- Thinking in a careful and systematic way
- Innovation while trying new things.
- Challenging yourself and working with a group.
- Reading and writing a lot of code.
- Being calm in stressful environments.
- Being creative.
- Understanding your tools.
- Learning from failures, and then quickly moving on.
- Being application Savvy.
Different Disciplines of Computer Science and Information Technology
- Advanced Computing
- Computer Application
- Computer Hardware & Networking
- Computer Science
- Cyber Security
- Embedded Systems
- Information Security & Cyber Forensics
- Information Technology
- Network Technology & Management
- Software Engineering
- System & Network Administration
- Web Technology
Want to explore any specific discipline in particular? Click on it. There are more courses available in the College Search page.
You can start looking for a career in Computing as early as four years before you enter college, but certainly no later than the year before you join college. Most professionals in the Computing industry have at least an undergraduate degree in one or a combination of disciplines such as Mathematics, Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Software Engineering, Information Systems, or Electrical Engineering. Many even have advanced degrees in these subjects. They, however, all started preparing for their careers long before they began their undergraduate degrees.
An advanced degree tends to lead to the best job prospects, as does a bachelor's degree along with significant practical experience. A knowledge of business and other areas outside the IT world can also prove useful. An affinity for Math and Science (Physics) is a prerequisite for a successful career in this field. This is because studying Math/Physics, increases your problem solving skills. An Engineering Degree or a Master’s Degree is a must in these fields to get a great job.
Science and Mathematics are integral parts of Computer Science and Information Technology. Science teaches us about the laws of the natural world and Mathematics helps us establish relationships among different quantities. That is why you must opt for the Science stream in the 11th and 12th. To prepare for an Engineering entrance examination, you must build a very strong understanding of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, as these subjects are of utmost importance.
One can also join a Diploma College/Polytechnic after 10th or 12th and get a Diploma in Computer Science/ Information Technology or Engineering. The technical side of the Computer Science & Information Technology also requires diploma holders. In some places, there may be a state level joint entrance exam to get admission to diploma after 10+2.
Most opportunities are for students with degrees or masters in Engineering and Computer Science. Others who haven’t done their Engineering or masters, can also be a part of this sector by doing one of the various diploma courses. There are also short term courses which will help to get into the technical side of these sectors. Admission to B.E/B. Tech is through an entrance examination by state level or all India level. Some universities conduct entrance examinations for admission at the graduate and post graduate (B.Sc, M.Sc, B.C.A, M.C.A courses) level. After their post graduation, interested students can do a M.Phil, Ph.D etc.
Career Prospects & Job Opportunities
The job opportunities in this stream are not restricted to the manufacturing, epair, and maintenance of mobile handsets. There are a lot of career options available which are generally not given too much importance.
To maintain a competitive edge, the industry and commerce must continue to make creative, scientific and engineering advances as well as produce high quality products. More than ever, there is a demand for a qualified work force with the necessary scientific and technical training to work effectively on the job.
A degree in Information Systems leads to countless opportunities in the fast growing IT sector. Projections suggest that Computer and Information Systems managers will find the fastest job growth in Software publishing, Computer Systems design, management, Scientific & Technical consulting, Data processing, Hosting and Health care.
- Career Path 1: Designing and implementing software. This refers to Software Development which has grown to include aspects like Web Development, Interface Design, Security Issues, Mobile Computing, and so on. This is the career path that majority of Computer Science graduates follow. A bachelor’s degree is generally sufficient for an entry into this kind of career.
- Career Path 2: Devising new ways to use computers. This refers to innovation in the application of computer technology. A career path in this area can involve advanced graduate work, followed by a position in a research university or in an industrial research & development laboratory. It can also involve entrepreneurial activity which was seen during the dot-com boom of the 1990s or it can involve a combination of the two.
- Career Path 3: Planning and managing Organizational Technology infrastructure. This is the type of work for which new Information Technology (IT) programs explicitly aim to educate students.
Business Information Systems experts (BIS) develop and manage the IT infrastructure, data, software and hardware which businesses depend on. They work with all the areas of an organization, constantly looking for ways to improve the essential systems used to collect and store data and run the business. They are leading the implementation of seamless database management systems, which will improve the speed and efficiency of handling and generating information.
The Telecom industry in India is booming, with plenty of jobs for Telecommunications Engineers. The opportunities are immense, but only for the right kind of people.
Angels and Demons
- A lucrative career for many as starting salaries are the highest in this field.
- You will have the opportunity to travel abroad.
- Many benefits are offered by this industry, they are the most employee friendly organizations.
- There are options to work from home in this industry.
- Long projects and extending deadlines can hamper your daily life.
- Jobs tend to be easily outsourced, so there can be some job insecurity.
- Extended working periods in front of a computer can affect your health.
- The work is quite monotonous in nature.