Is It The Perfect Career for You?

Today’s world is shaped by science and technology. From preserving the environment to improving one’s health, the significance of science is all pervasive.  Knowledge of how everything within and around us works, studying the challenges, and researching effective solutions has become crucial to our existence. If you are curious about basic functionality of things, a career in research and allied health services is highly recommended. 

Basic and Allied Science refers to any of the sciences – anatomy, physiology, mathematics, biology, pathology, bacteriology or biochemistry – that are fundamental to the study of medicine. Research in basic and allied sciences is critical for the success of applied sciences and crucial for technological advancement. Careers in allied sciences include jobs in varied medical fields such as Genetics, Geology, Human Development, Dialysis Technology, Biotechnology, Molecular Biology, Medical Sociology, Nautical Science, and Life Sciences.

Allied health services and paramedical science plays a crucial role in diagnosis and treatment. Application of diagnostic tools and non-invasive methods of treatment in the health system requires the services of technicians and therapists who are proficient in areas like physiotherapy, speech therapy, and radiotherapy.

The increase in the use of technology in the field of medicine and related sciences has resulted in large number of specializations. Bioinformatics, Biostatistics, Chemistry, Biophysics, Electronics, Environmental Biotechnology, Industrial Biotechnology, Industrial Chemistry, Industrial Microbiology, Marine Biology, and Microbiology are few of the specialized areas of allied sciences that have a growing need for skilled and trained allied health professionals. 

Industry Snapshot

The past decade has witnessed a fundamental shift in the healthcare delivery across the nation. It is largely due to science and technology and the growing employment and appreciation of allied health professionals or health technicians especially in the semi-urban and rural areas of the country that often faces a shortage of doctors and medical practitioners.

To develop a framework to improve allied health training, education, and regulation in the country, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in partnership with the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), constituted the National Initiative for Allied Health Science (NIAHS) in March 2011.

India has a strong pool of scientists and engineers. Its cost-effective manufacturing capabilities, low cost economy, and fast developing clinical capabilities are few of the growth drivers of the allied sciences sector. It is a popular destination for clinical trials and contract research.

India’s directive for universal health coverage is dependent on the availability of qualified, skilled, and trained allied health professionals at all levels in both private and public sector healthcare providers. Addressing the shortages in human resources will effectively help expand the reach of health services in the country including the remote rural areas. 

Nature of work

  • The field of science involves designing & conducting experiments.
  • Interpreting data.
  • Teaching & supervising.
  • Project management.
  • Writing reports & scientific papers.
  • Keeping up to date with new developments.
  • Working in a small group of scientists, developing products.

Skills Required

The skills required to excel in this field are: 

  • Research skills
  • Ability to Reason and give logics
  • Report writing skill
  • Data collection skill
  • Data analysis skill
  • Time management and organizational skill
  • Problem solving skill
  • Communicating your ideas while starting and while selling your idea.

Different Disciplines of Science & Allied sciences

  • Bioinformatics
  • Biology
  • Biomedical Science
  • Biophysics
  • Biostatistics
  • Biotechnology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Dialysis Technology
  • Electronics
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Genetics
  • Geology
  • Human Development
  • Industrial Biotechnology
  • Industrial Chemistry
  • Industrial  Microbiology
  • Life Sciences
  • Marine Biology 
  • Mathematics
  • Medical Sociology
  • Microbial & Food Technology
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nautical Science
  • Physics
  • Physiology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology

Want to explore any specific discipline in particular? Click on it.


Careers in science demand large amounts of education, and some require extensive research just to qualify for a position. For most jobs you need at least a bachelor's degree, and an increasing number are asking for a master's or a doctorate. 

A Bachelor of Science degree leads to many opportunities to find a meaningful, rewarding and lucrative career in science or outside of science. It thoroughly teaches you to solve problems using logic and scientific methods; traits that are highly valued by many of today’s top employers.

After 10th

Science is a very broad field. In order to pursue careers in science, one needs to be crystal clear from the beginning of his/her career (after 10th). The focus is required while choosing the subjects (Biology/Mathematics) at the 10+2 level, as decision made at this time affects the future. Depending on the streams chosen at 10+2 level, one can opt for undergraduate degree/diploma courses in the field of science. 
To take up a career in the field of sciences one should take science with biology, physics and chemistry along with mathematics preferably for his 11th and 12th standard. Knowledge in mathematics  will help, especially when the use of statistics is needed. 

After 12th

Subjects such as physics, chemistry and biology (PCB) are required for students aspiring to take up careers in basic and allied sciences. Bachelor of Science and Math degree programs take 3/ 4 years to complete. These programs include several subjects such as: 

  • Biology 
  • Chemistry 
  • Environmental Sciences 
  • Mathematics 
  • Physics 
  • Science 

 **For more details about different entrance examinations, please visit Entrance Examination page.


The bachelor's degree is adequate for some nonresearch jobs. It is a 3/4year long course. You can select from various subjects like science, maths, physics, computer science, biotechnology, etc. After BSc, you may complete MSc and take up teaching jobs or research after completing a Ph.D.

A Ph.D. degree usually is necessary for independent research, industrial research, and college teaching, as well as for advancement to administrative positions. A master's degree is sufficient for some jobs in basic research, applied research or product development, management, or inspection. The bachelor's degree is adequate for some nonresearch jobs.

Career Prospects & Job Opportunities

With a degree in the sciences, the options are endless! Pure science graduates tend to continue their studies in higher degree programs. They are often involved in interesting and important research- finding cures for diseases, understanding the impact of the outer space phenomenon of the Earth, or attempting to understand the subatomic structure. You can also teach sciences at any school level you choose. You can also find work at various companies or the government in a scientific capacity.

Applied sciences can lead you to many careers as well. Graduates may choose to continue their studies with a further degree in applied science, engineering, or an MBA. They can use their skills to join a medical research company- creating, marketing and distributing solutions to the sick. Or how about getting involved with technology and building a new, modernized type of car? There are lots and lots of options.

The skills and knowledge that general science graduates obtain make them employable with virtually any type of organization. Some employers, however, may have a very specific skill set and knowledge base in mind with regards to the science graduates they recruit; they may be looking to hire only science graduates that have majored in a specific area.  

For example, a food product development company is more likely to hire a science graduate that majored in nutrition, chemistry or food sciences, versus one who majored in environmental science or physics.

Some of the best jobs in science & math are in the sectors that are most critical for the growth of the economy. These include defense, energy and healthcare. These sectors have a high demand for people interested in research and commercialization of technology. 

Research-intensive scientific careers also exist in government and the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries. These sectors offer opportunities to maintain a strong presence in the world of scientific research by continuing to publish in peer-review journals and give scientific talks at national and international conferences

The government is also a major provider of careers in science & math. This includes government laboratories that work on cutting edge technology. It also includes national offices to regulate patents, set budgets and manage national R&D. Some of the industries that have an extremely high demand for scientists, mathematicians and engineers include:

  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Energy (including renewable)
  • Consumer Goods
  • Communications & Media
  • Manufacturing companies
  • Water companies
  • Cosmetic companies
  • Defense companies
  • Universities
  • Government laboratories
  • Research Council laboratories

Angels and Demons


  • Enjoy your freedom.
  • The scientific field is also a well-paying profession.
  • A lot of variations and options to choose from a wide spectrum.
  • Work with a gadget and latest equipments to support your project work. 


  • It may take a long time for results to show so patience is required.
  • You are isolated from the world.
  • Ultimately the employer needs result, it becomes stressful and tiring many a times.
  • Some science careers are outdoor jobs, working in all types of weather. 

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